Authority in transference


This essay links authority and transference in a couple of ways: first there is the relation between psychoanalytic authorities and the methodological application of transference; second, there is the relation between psychoanalytic discourse and power differentials between therapist and client, and discourse to subject of discourse. For introduction purposes the following concepts will require definition: […]

Phenomenological Approaches to Self-Consciousness (Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy


(First published Sat Feb 19, 2005; substantive revision Wed Dec 24, 2014) On the phenomenological view, a minimal form of self-consciousness is a constant structural feature of conscious experience. Experience happens for the experiencing subject in an immediate way and as part of this immediacy, it is implicitly marked as my experience. For phenomenologists, this […]

Your Children are not Your Children


  They are the sons and daughters of life’s longing for itself. They come through you but not from you, And though they are with you yet they belong not to you. You may give them your love but not your thoughts, For they have their own thoughts. You may house their bodies but not […]

‘Private Language’. Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. First published Fri Jul 26, 1996; substantive revision Tue Sep 2, 2014.


The idea of a private language was made famous in philosophy by Ludwig Wittgenstein, who in §243 of his book Philosophical Investigations explained it thus: “The words of this language are to refer to what can be known only to the speaker; to his immediate, private, sensations. So another cannot understand the language.”[1] This is […]